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Chronological Sketch of Gandhi in South Africa
(Since 1893-1914)

 

1893

April

13

Gandhiji left for South Africa from Bombay via S.S. Safari.

 

May

25

Attended the Durban Court.

 

June

07

Gandhiji was thrown out of moving train at Pietermaritzburg.

 

December

 

On the eve of his departure to India, Gandhiji read an article in Natal Mercury about the Bill to defranchise the Indians. The Indians in South Africa persuaded Gandhiji to extend his stay to lead them against the struggle with colonial rule.


1894

August

22

Natal Indian Congress was found, with Gandhiji as Honorary Secretary.

 

September

03

Gandhiji was enrolled as an advocate of Supreme Court of Natal. He was the first Indian to be admitted.

 

September

19

 His first case in South Africa. Defending Gope Maharaj and Gandhiji won this case.


1895

December

16

Published the book – The Indian Franchise: An appeal to Every Indian in South Africa.


1896

January

23

Applied to be appointed as interpreter in Gujarati

 

June

05

Left Durban for India via Calcutta

 

July

04

Reached Calcutta

 

July

09

Reached Rajkot

 

August

14

Published ‘Green Pamphlet’ in Rajkot

 

September

14

Reuter sent a  misleading report on ‘ Green Pamphlet’

 

September - November

 

Addressed several meetings in India on plight of Indians in South Africa.

 

November

30

Left India with his family for Natal, South Africa on S.S. Courtland. S.S.Naderi also left about the same time. The two ships were carrying approximately 600 people to South Africa from India.

 

December

18

S.S.Courtland and S.S.Naderi  reached Durban Port.

 

December

19

The Natal Government declared Bombay an infected port. Placed these two ships from India under quarantine.

 

December

25

Gandhiji gave a Christmas dinner speech aboard the ship criticizing western values.


1897

January

13

Passengers were allowed to disembark the ships.

Gandhiji was assaulted by the European youths.

Whites’ protested against Gandhiji’s anti South Africa Government speeches in India and on board the ship.


1898

August

 

Gandhiji objected to Durban Town council for refusing trading licenses to Indians on racial grounds.


1899

April

25

Indians in Transvaal were ordered to move to locations.

 

October

17

Indians volunteered for Boer war against the Dutch.

Gandhiji felt that if Indians demanded the rights as British citizens then it was also their duty to participate in the defense of the Empire.

Gandhiji formed Indian Ambulance Corps.


1899

December

14

Left for the front with Indian Corps

 

December

19

Corps was disbanded temporarily.


1900

January

07

Ambulance Corps was re-formed and was sent to Estcourt. Indians gave their services as stretch bearers.

They carried the wounded through heavy firings.

 

October

08

Sent Draft Resolution to Dadabhai Naoroji, on South African Indian problem for Congress session.


1901

October

15

Gandhiji decided to leave for India.

Attended farewell meetings.

Received gifts from well-wishers, in turn he gave these gifts to the community trust in South Africa.

 

October

18

Sailed with family back to India.

 

October

30

Disembarked at Port Louis, Mauritius.

Attended the reception given by the Indian community.

 

December

14

Reached Rajkot via Porbundar.

 

December

17

Left Rajkot for Calcutta via Bombay.


1902

January

19

Addressed the public meeting at Albert Hall, Calcutta. Spoke on the question of Indians in South Africa.

 

January

27

In Calcutta, he spoke on the work of Indian Ambulance Corps in South Africa.

 

January

28

Sailed for Rangoon.

 

February

 

02

Returned to Calcutta and stayed with Gokhale for several days.

 

February

21-22

Toured Benaras, Agra, Jaipur and Palampur .Enroute to Rajkot, traveled by third class. In Benaras, Gandhiji called on Annie Besant.

 

February

26

Reached Rajkot and settled down to practice law

 

July

10

Sets up a  practice in Bombay

 

November

03

Recalled to South Africa to advocate against anti- Asiatic legislation in Transvaal.

Gandhiji was reluctant to leave on account of his children’s illness.

 

November

14

Wrote to Gokhale regarding his intension to leave for South Africa on November 20th.

 

December

25

Arrived in Durban


1903

February

16

Enrolled at Bar and settled down in Johannesburg

 

March

16

Dispatched periodical statement to Dadabhai Naoroji on the situation of Indians in South Africa.

 

April

25

Wrote in ‘The Vegetarian’, offering tips to prospective emigrants to South Africa.

 

June

04

Started ‘Indian Opinion ‘. With Mansukhlal Nazar as Honorary Secretary.

 

December

11

Mass meeting of British Indians to protest against licensing laws.


1904

February

11

Wrote to medical officer of Health, Johannesburg, about the overcrowding and insanitary conditions in Indian locations. And warned about the outbreak of plague epidemic.

 

March

01

Informed about the breakout of plague in Johannesburg.

 

March

18

Informed the authorities that number of Indians were either ‘dead or dying’ were being dumped in the location.

 

March

19

 Town council allocated a warehouse for a makeshift hospital but it declined to bear any further responsibility.

 

March

21

Was interviewed by a representative of ‘The Star’ on plague problem.

 

April

05

Wrote to Johannesburg Press about plague epidemic. Released his correspondence with Medical Officer of health.

 

October

 

Took over the responsibility for the management of Indian Opinion.

Read Ruskin’s ‘Unto This Last’ while traveling to Durban.

Inspired by the book. Gandhiji decided to set-up a colony on the lines suggested in the book.

 

November-December

 

Founded Phoenix Settlement

 

December

24

First number of ‘Indian Opinion’ was issued from Phoenix settlement.


1905

January

13

Wrote to Gokhale regarding ‘Indian Opinion’ and his intention to open school for Indian Children in South Africa.

 

February

17

Visited Cape Town with Parsee Rustomjee.

 

May

 

Was learning Tamil about this time.

 

June

(post) 09

 Visited Durban and Phoenix Settlement

 

July

08

Gandhiji wrote in ‘Indian Opinion’ for abolition of salt-tax in India.

 

August

19

Called for united opposition to Bengal partition and supported boycott of British goods.

 

September

01

 British Indian Association objected to the rule requiring Indian refugees to furnish European references.

 

September

16

Gandhiji considered Gokhale for the presidentship of Indian National Congress.

 

October

28

Hailed progress of swadeshi movement in Bengal.

 

November

25

Called for revision of poll tax and its discretionary application to poor Indians.

 

December

30

Acted as best man at wedding of Mr. Polak. And Miss Douns.


1906

January

01

 1 Pound tax was enforced on Indians aged 18 and above.

 

January

20

Mansukhlal Nazar, one time editor of Indian Opinion died.

 

February

22

A Statement regarding the safeguards of British Indians in Transvaal and Orange River Colony was sent by Gandhiji to Dadabhai Naoroji, who forwarded a copy to the Secretary of State for India on March 20.

 

February

27

Zulu Rebellion broke out this month.

 

March

07

Gandhiji appeared for plaintiff in tram test case at Johannesburg. (An Indian, Mr. Coovadia, was

prevented from boarding the tram-car. ( ref. -CWMG Johannesburg Letter, March 3, 1906.)

 

March

12

Appeared in Tram test case and won.

 

March

17

Gandhiji asked Indians to offer their services to the Government on the occasion of Zulu Rebellion.

 

March

21

 Addressed Coloured peoples’ meeting at Johannesburg.

 

April

Before 14

Natal Indian Congress decided to send deputation to England under Gandhiji’s leadership.

 

April

24

Addressed Natal Indian Congress meeting which then offered to form an ambulance corps.

 

May

Before 05

Met General Manager, Natal Government Railways regarding prohibition of Indians from traveling by certain trains between Johannesburg and Pretoria.

 

May

Around 12

British Indian Association wrote to Lord Selborne regarding permits and visitors’ passes.

Gandhiji supported home rule for India. He wrote “in the name of justice and for the good humanity.”

 

May

18

Judgment favouring Indians ‘right to use trams awarded in Coovadia’s tram test case.

 

May

27

Wrote to brother Laxmidas, declaring his lack of interest in worldly possessions.

 

June      

02

Addressed meeting of Indians in Durban to raise funds for ambulance work.

 

June

16

Gandhiji was medically examined and certified fit.

 

June

22

Gandhiji  was given the rank of Sergent-Major by Government.

Wrote to Gokhale about Corps; invited him to visit South Africa.

 

June -July

23 -18

Gandhiji on ambulance duty at the front.

 

July

19

Stretcher-Bearer Corps disbanded.

 

August

06

Wrote to Dadabhai Naoroji about problems of Transvaal Indians.

 

September

11

Mass meeting of Indians at Empire theatre, Johannesburg. Demanded  withdrawal of Pass Bill, warned Indians would resort to resistance if Ordinance became law. This meeting led to  the first Satyagarha of Gandhiji.

 

October

03

British Indian association sends Gandhiji, H.O. Ally as a deputation to England to withdraw Oridinance. Gandhiji sails to England on S.S. Armadale .

 

October

 

On board S.S. Armadale ,Gandhiji  learns Tamil.

 

October

21

Gandhiji reached  London. Visited J.H. Polak and stayed with him for a day.

Met Pandit Shyamji Krishnavarma.

 

October

27

Gandhiji was interviewed by Reuter.

 

November

07

Addressed Members of Parliament

 

November

28

Met Winston Churchill, who was at that time under- secretary of  State for Colonies.

 

December

01

Left England for South Africa.


1907

January

02

Visited Phoenix. Gave an account of work in England.

 

Jan-Feb

 

Wrote series of eight articles in Gujarati on ‘ Ethical Religion’ .

 

March

02

British Indian association protested  to the Registrar of Asiatics  against taking  of  finger prints by police.

 

March

11

Mass meeting at Gaiety Theatre,  Johannesburg, against the ill-treatment of Indians.

 

March

19

The new Parliament  re-introduced Anti Asiatic Ordinance as Transvaal Asiatic registration Bill, followed by Transvaal Immigration Restriction Bill. Both these Bills were passed in Transvaal parliament as TARA and TIRA.

 

July

01

Act was enforced in Pretoria . First permit office  opened in Transvaal. Indians were notified that they have to register themselves within a month.

Gandhiji addressed a mass meeting saying  that Indians will not submit to compulsory registration.

 

July

24

Gandhiji arrived in Pretoria. Called at Khamisa’s shop where applications for registration were being received  secretly  at night.

 

July

28

 Mass meeting was held at Hamidia Islamic Society Hall, Johannesburg , to protest against the registrations .

Day of hartal was declared in Transvaal.

 

November

30

Last day for registration; only 511 out of 13,000 Indians registered .

 

 

December

26

General Smuts decided to procecute Gandhiji and other pickets.

 

December

28

Gandhiji conducted his own trial and appeared in defence of pickets.

He was ordered to leave Transvaal within 48 hours.


1908

January

01

TARA and TIRA came into force. (Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act and Transvaal Immigration Restriction Act.)

 

January

04

British Indian Association informed the authorities that Indian traders, whose licences were refused under TARA, would trade without licences.

 

January

08

Gandhiji told Reuters that, if TARA was suspended, all Indian traders  would be registered within a month.

 

January

10

Wrote to Indians in Indian Opinion to be ready to face imprisonment and deportation.

Gandhiji adopted the term ’satyagraha’ as the Gujarati equivalent for passive resisitance.

Addressed a meeting before a trail.

Gandhiji was tried and sentenced to jail for two months.

 

 

January

21

Agreed to settlement on basis of voluntary registration, if Registration Act is repealed.

 

January

30

Gandhiji  was escorted to Pretoria to meet general Smuts, settlement was reached regarding voluntary registration.

Formally released from prison.

Addressed a mass meeting at Hamidia Mosque.

 

January

31

All satyagrahis were released.

 

February

02

 In a meeting in Johannesburg, Gandhiji declared, if violence was to be used against those giving finger-prints, he would be the first victim.

 

February

10

Voluntary registration began.

Gandhiji was assaulted by Mir Alam Khan and others pathans who thought that compromise was betrayal of Indian interest.

He appealed that his assailants be forgiven and asked Asiatics to give their finger prints voluntarily.

 

February

15

“A Dialogue on the Compromise” published in Indian Opinion.                            

 

March

05

Another attempted assault on Gandhiji in Durban by pathans.            

 

March

14

At dinner, said to be first of its kind in South Africa, British Indian Association gave gifts to whites who had helped in satyagraha.

 

May

09

Last date for voluntary registration by Asiatics. 8,700 applications were received and 6000  were accepted.

 

May

22

 Registrar of Asiatics wrote to British Indian Association pointing out that introduction of minors into Colony by Asiatics, punishable under TARA.

 

May

23

Indian association wrote back that enforcement of TARA was breach of compromise.

 

Before May

30

British Indian Association informed Indians to resume satyagraha.

Gandhiji offered to defend satyagrahis free of charge.

 

May

30

In a letter to Indian Opinion , Gandhiji announced that satyagraha was resumed

 

June

24

In a mass meeting in Johannesburg, Gandhiji appealed to Indians not to submit to TARA.

 

July

20

Addressed a meeting outside the court, Gandhiji asked traders to court arrest by trading without licences  as a protest against proposed deprivation of educated Indians’ rights.

Also  exhorted Indian traders not to affix thumb-impressions on their licence applications under TARA.

 

July

26

Voluntary certificates and hawkers’ licences were handed over to British Indian Association  for burning.

 

July

27

Harilal Gandhi was arrested for hawking without licence.

 

July

28

Gandhiji appeared in Court to defend Harilal and others.

 

August

23

Mass meeting in Johannesburg in which more registration certificates were burnt.

Mir Alam and other  Gandhiji’s assailants, admitted their error and asked for their forgiveness. They  also resolved join satyagraha and to fight to the end.

 

September

13

 Harilal was deported from Transvaal.

 

September

18

Royal assent was given to amended Registration Act.

Smut refused  Indian terms for settlement .

 

October

07

Arrested at Volksrust, along with fifteen other

Indians, for entering Transvaal without registration certificates

 

October

15

Gandhiji reported at road-making work on Market Square. Reuter's Volksrust correspondent wrote, "Mr.Gandhi expressed himself as being the happiest man in the Transvaal".

 

October

25

Gandhiji removed from Volksrust  prison to Johannesburg in convict's garb to testify in Daya Lala's case; refused offer of cab, and marched on foot from Park Station to Fort, carrying prison knapsack.

 

November

09

Gandhiji, writing to A. H. West, declared satyagraha a religious fight and refused to obtain release, by paying fine, even to visit Kasturba who was gravely ill .

Wrote to her a farewell note.

 

December

12

Gandhiji released from Volksrust prison.

Interviewed at Volksrust, on way to Johannesburg, about ill-treatment in prison.

Spoke at Johannesburg reception.

 

December

23

Gandhiji presented Nelson, Volksrust Prison Office, Tolstoy's Kingdom of God Is within You.

 

December

26

Gandhiji reached Durban was given rousing reception; Left for Phoenix to meet Kasturba who was ill.


1909

January

10

Dr. Nanji operated on Kasturba who was seriously ill for 3 months, in Durban. Gandhiji attended on her.

 

January

18

Gandhiji, on way to Johannesburg was arrested at Volkrust for failing to produce registration certificate. Deported and escorted to border, returned immediately and was re-arrested.Released on bail .Returned to Johannesburg.

 

January

25

Gandhiji, in interview to Rand Daily Mail, stated he would not be satisfied until Asiatic traders got their rights in South Africa.

 

January

29

Gandhiji was informed of improvement in Kasturba's condition. Left for Durban.

 

February

04

Gandhiji  shifted Kasturba to Phoenix , who was convalescing after the surgery.

 

February

22

Gandhiji left Phoenix for Johannesburg.

 

February

25

Arrested at Volksrust along with Polak andVyas.

Sentenced to 3 months or £50 fine for failure to produce registration certificate.

 

March

10

Gandhiji was taken in handcuffs to Court to appear as witness.

Passive resisters congratulated Kasturba Gandhi on Gandhiji's third sentence of imprisonment for sake of self-respect and honour of Asiatic communities.

 

March

11

Indian women held meeting in Johannesburg.

Letter from Kasturba reported saying : "Had she wings, she would fly to the meeting."

Letter to Transvaal Press signed by Kasturba and four others released.

 

May

24

Gandhiji was released from Pretoria Central prison at 7.30a.m.

 

May

26

Gandhiji wrote to Johannesburg Press on jail experiences.

 

June

21

Gandhiji along with Hajee Habib left Johannesburg on deputation to England to represent Indian case.

 

July

10

Gandhiji, along with Hajee Habib, arrived at Southampton;was  interviewed by Reuter. Reached London at 10.30 a.m.

 

August

19

Gandhiji purchased books for Phoenix Library.

 

 

 

 

 

September

13

Gandhiji attended Pateti celebrations in London.

 

September

16

Gandhiji and Hajee Habib had interview with Lord Crewe, expressed readiness to give undertaking that, if theoretical right of entry conceded, there would be no further agitation.

 

October

01

Gandhiji wrote to Tolstoy regarding passive  resistance movement in Transvaal and Tolstoy's "Letter to a Hindoo".

 

October

05

Addressing meeting of Gujaratis in London, advised them to cultivate love for their own language.

 

October

24

Gandhiji presided over and spoke at Vijaya Dashami celebrations in London.

 

October

29

Gandhiji informed Lord Ampthill of decision to leave for South Africa and to challenge arrest on Transvaal border.

Received cable from South Africa asking him to return.

 

November

02

Gandhiji addressed a meeting in London. Several Indians and some Englishmen enrolled as volunteers for the Souh Africa cause.

 

November

10

In interview to The Daily Express, Gandhiji stated that passive resistance campaign would continue "with unabated vigour".

 

November

13

Gandhiji and Hajee Habib left for South Africa by s. s. Kildonan Castle.

 

November

13-22

Gandhiji wrote Hind Swaraj in Gujarati on board s.s. Kildonan Castle.

 

November

30

Arrived at Cape Town with Hajee Habib.


1910

January

01

Indian Opinion reduced in size for financial reasons.

 

March

24

Bombay Government Gazette notified that Hind Swaraj; Universal Dawn,—Gujarati rendering of Ruskin's   Unto This Last,  Mustafa Kamel Pasha's Speech,—a Gujarati translation of the Egyptian patriot's speech delivered just before his death, in Cairo, and  Defence of Socrates or The Story of a  True Warrior . All these publications of International Printing Press had been forfeited to His Majesty for reason that they "contain matter declared to be seditious".

 

May

08

Leo Tolstoy, in letter to Gandhiji, commented on

Indian Home Rule, said question of passive resistance was  of greatest importance not only for India but for all humanity.

 

May

30

Founded Tolstoy Farm.

 

June

01

Union of South Africa came into being.

 

June

02

In letter to Press, Gandhiji said advent of Union was no cause for rejoicing and described it as "a combination of hostile forces" arrayed against Asiatics.

 

November

20

 Leo Tolstoy died.

 

December

04

Gandhiji spoke at Socialist Hall, Johannesburg, on Tolstoy and his message.


1911

March

12

Mass meeting of Indians at Cape Town protested against Immigration Bill.

 

April

22

Smuts agreed to assurances, demanded by Indians in reciprocation of suspension of Passive Resistance movement.

 

May

03

Gandhiji met Smuts : ‘ Provisional Settlement’ arrived on Smuts’ promise of repeal of Asiatic Registration and Immigrants’ Restriction Acts.

 

June

30

Justice Wessels of TVL Division of Supreme Court in judgment, ruled that no Indian could bring more than one wife into the country and "that must be a woman who actually was a wife."

 

November

11

Gandhiji in Indian Opinion, expressed his resolve to fight tooth and nail against £3 tax; also called for funds to help the famine-stricken in India.

 

December

08

Invited Gokhale to South Africa.


1912

January

18

Durban Indians formed Plague Committee to help Public Health Department.

 

March

16

Commended Gokhale’s attempts for abolition of indentured system.

 

July

20

Gandhiji, in Indian Opinion, again criticized Natal Immigration Officer, Cousins, for wanting fresh proof from those returning from India; asked Natal Indian Congress to take up matter.

 

July

26

Natal Indian Congress wrote to Secretary for Interior protesting against circular issued by Immigration Officer Cousins requiring proofs of marriage from immigrant Indian wives.

 

September

12

Phoenix Trust was set up.

 

October

22

Accompanied Gokhale on tour of South Africa,Laurenco Marques, Mozambique and Zanzibar.

Gave up European dress and milk and restricted himself to diet of fresh and dried fruits.


1913

January

18

Indian Opinion announced Gandhiji's decision  to go to India about the middle of the year, if expected Immigration Bill was passed in forthcoming session of Parliament.

 

March

14

In Cape Supreme Court, Justice Searle rejected  Hassan Esop's appeal against deportation of his wife, Bai Miriam, on the ground that she was not Hassan Esop's lawful wife as her marriage had been contracted according to Mahomedan custom.

Indian marriages in South Africa invalidated by Searle’s Supreme court.

 

March

15

Gandhiji in Indian Opinion, explained the procedure and evidence required for entry of minors and wives into Tranvaal.

 

March

30

Mass meeting of Indians was held tp protest against Searle’s Supreme court judgment.

 

April

14

Immigration Restriction Bill read for first time in House of Assembly.

 

 

April

15

In telegram to Minister of Interior, Gandhiji asked for retention of Natal Immigration Act and protection to wives and minor children of educated Indians; regretted  interpretation of reference to passive resistance as threat.

Wrote to Secretary for Interior for amending Union marriage laws to legalize non-Christian marriages.

 

April

19

Kasturba Gandhi decided to join struggle and offered court arrest.

 

May

19

Warned Government of certainty of revival of movement if it fails to grant promised relief.

 

June

02

Indian women in Winberg took pledges not to carry passes.

 

June

05

Natal Immigration Law Amendment Bill regarding

£3 tax introduced in Assembly.

 

June

07

Decided not to return to India and resume satyagraha.

 

August

07

In London, Gokhale met Fischer and discussed questions of £3 tax and Indian marriages.

 

September

15

Passive resistance revived

 

September

16

Kasturba, along with other passive resisters, arrested.

 

September

20

Advised Indians to court arrest by hawking or trading without licences or by declining to produce them when demanded.

 

September

22

Passive resisters were deported to Natal border, but, on re-crossing border, were re-arrested and taken to Volkstust.

 

September

23

 Kasturba Gandhi was sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labour, other passive resisters were imprisoned from period of  one to three months.

 

October

08

Bai Fatima Mehtab, her mother, son and attendant left Durban for Volksrust to court arrest. 

 

October

09

Gandhiji attended Johannesburg Hindus' meeting, which pledged to support passive resistance. Medh,Pragji Desai and Manilal Gandhi sentenced to 10 days' imprisonment with hard labour.

 

October

13

P.K. Naidoo, Jiwan Premji and nine others went out hawking in Johannesburg to court arrest.

 

October

15

Gandhiji released statement reiterating Indian demands, need for fresh legislation on question of marriages and £3 tax.

 

October

17

Visited Newcastle, urged indentured Indians to cease work till repeal of 3 pound tax.

3000 miners went on strike.

 

October

23

Gandhiji, from Newcastle, wired Botha that strike, in protest against £3 tax, would be ended if Government promised repeal.

In telegram to Press, said that he was advising miners to court arrest and  leave mines.

Manilal Gandhi and four others arrested at Volksrust for hawking.

 

October

31

Gandhiji informed Secretary of Justice that if Indians, who had surrendered themselves, were not arrested, they would march into Transvaal.

 

November

03

Announced ‘march’ into Transvaal.

 

November

06

Led at 6.30 a.m., "Great march" consisting of  2,037 men, 127 women and 57 children, from Charlestown; addressed marchers halfway between Charlestown and Volksrust.

At Volksrust border, Police Superintendent and Immigration Officer interviewed Gandhiji and Kallenbach. Marchers broke through Police cordon, crossed border.

Gandhiji arrested at 8.30 p.m. at Palmford railway station;

Marchers continued their journey.

 

November

07

Gandhiji appeared in Volksrust court; was released on £50 bail; case remanded till November 14; motored 33 miles, rejoined marchers at Paadekraal. En route supplied  medicines to old and infirm among passive resisters there. Telegraphed Minister of Interior for permission to continue march with other strikers, else Government should take over responsibility for looking after marchers.

 

November

08

Gandhiji arrived at Standerton; arrested and  was released on bail of £50; case was remanded till November 21. Column continued the march.

Interviewed by Reuter, Gandhiji felt sure government would repeal £3 tax. 

 

November

09

Arrested at about 3 p.m. at Teakworth near  Greylingstaad , charged with inducing strike; not allowed to speak to satyagrahis, taken secretly to Balfour for the night.

 

November

10

Gandhiji's request for remand, permission to take marchers to Tolstoy Farm rejected by magistrate, forwarded to Government. Gandhiji took pledge to take one meal a day "till a repeal of the tax was promised,". Passive resisters in Maritzburg Goal went on three-day fast.

 

November

11

Gandhi was sentenced at Dundee to 9 months’ imprisonment.

Gandhiji, in a message, praised marchers' courage and sacrifice, appealed to those not courting arrest to forgo a meal a day to provide food for strikers.

 

November

16

In Durban, all Indian labour working on railways, sugar  refineries, dock and corporation stopped work; clash between strikers and police; 16 Indians injured, one succumbed.

 

December

18

Gandhiji, Polak and Kallenbach released at Pretoria on Solomon Commission's recommendation.


1914

January

20

Several women satyagrahis released from Durban Central prison.

 

January

22

Suspended satyagraha following agreement with Smuts.

14 days’ penitential fast for moral lapse of inmates of Tolstoy Farm.

 

February

07

Indian Women's Sabha inaugurated in Durban; Kasturba, Mrs. Polak elected patrons.

 

March

13

In letter to Andrews, Gandhiji wrote : "Mrs. Gandhi was near death's door last week. I have therefore done hardly anything else save nursing her during the last 10 days."

 

June

05

Gandhiji wrote to Gokhale that he would leave for India by mid-July in event of satisfactory settlement and termination of struggle.

 

June

26

Indian Relief Act was passed.

 

June

27

Gandhiji had 2-hour interview with Smuts at Cape Town.

Addressed European meeting held to felicitate him on passage of Bill.

 

July

08

Was presented with addresses at farewell meeting in Town Hall, Durban.

 

July

10

Gandhiji Addressed farewell gathering at Asiatic Location, Pretoria

 

July

11

Took leave of Phoenix Settlement

 

July

13

Arrived at Johannesburg in evening; taken in procession, addressed mass meeting at Gaiety Theatre.

 

July

15

Paid tributes to Valliamma, Nagappen, passive resisters at memorial unveiling ceremony at Bloemfontein Cemetery.

 

July

18

Arrived at Cape town; taken in procession from  Monument to Docks, received addresses, made farewell speech;

Left for England on board S.S. Kinfauns Castle.

 

July

22

Indian Opinion announced a plan to issue 'Golden Number' to commemorate struggle.

 

August

04

World War I broke out; Gandhiji received the news in English channel; reached London.

 

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Copyright 2004 Mani Bhavan